On the 6th and 7th of December 2023, the fourth International Conference on Law and International Relations was held at Cihan University in Erbil in collaboration with Jadara University in Jordan.
Over the two days of the conference, local, international, and Iraqi researchers and experts presented 51 research projects through four different panels. Following the presentation of each panel’s research, attendees and participants asked the researchers numerous questions, and some participants expanded on their criticisms and scientific viewpoints, sparking intense scientific discussion among the attendees. They addressed inquiries, thoughts, and opinions from the attendees.
The conference program concluded with a ceremony on Thursday, December 7, 2023, Cihan University-Erbil conference hall. For this reason, Professor Dr. Amjad Saber Al-Delawi, president of Cihan University-Erbil Erbil, gave a speech after extending a warm welcome to the participants: We had a fruitful conversation with the president of Jadara University-Jordan, following two days of continuous discussions on a variety of significant legal, international, and political relations concerns. During his speech, he clarified that all sectors and areas of societies and countries have been impacted by technology, and they have all encountered significant challenges. He said that the best way to address these issues and move the world forward is through scientific research.
In a separate section of his speech, Prof. Dr. Amjad Saber Al-Delawi discussed the issues facing scientific research in Iraq and other Arab nations today, emphasizing the need to establish an environment that is conducive to the practice of reality-based research because the knowledge gained from scientific research has not been sufficiently applied to benefit the community or advance various fields.
Prof. Dr. Amjad Saber Al-Delawi concluded by expressing his sincere gratitude and appreciation to everyone who had collaborated in the past to organize this conference, including the president of Jadara University, the heads of the law department, and the teachers who attended. He also thanked the committees responsible for science and conference preparation, administration and finance, media and communications, information technology, welcoming, and conference hall organization, as well as the researchers and teachers. Their insightful research enhanced the conference subjects and added value to the proceedings.
The conference’s results, suggestions, and recommendations were then read by Dr. Omar Zuber Shekhani, head of the law department at Cihan University-Erbil. These included 23 points, such as :
- The need to expedite the draft law establishing a righteous government in Iraq, adopt an anti-corruption law, adopt a fair election law, adopt a draft law on freedom of expression and assembly, adopt a law on oil and gas, and create a law outlining the procedures for electronic guidance.
- The preservation of democratic legitimacy, or the people’s legitimacy to be trusted by the people through the creation of public services, prohibits the imposition of financial obligations unless done so swiftly, fairly, transparently, efficiently, and strategically. This has a positive impact on the voluntary adoption of moral principles in the appropriate contexts and the voluntary spread of financial laws, both of which uphold the public’s confidence in government.
- The government should embrace the idea of working with the organization community and civil society organizations to accomplish development requirements, achieve governance, and provide the necessary frameworks to do so.
- The state has to have a unique plan for fighting corruption that fits the state’s capabilities. For example, the government should seek to build its institutional capacity and provide the resources required to make sure it can carry out its responsibilities independently and effectively.
- Promote the recruitment of highly qualified human resources in the field of artificial intelligence, such as consultants, trainers, and specialists, to create, develop, and arrange electronic programs with suitable administration.
- Important tenets of effective governance include national diversity and involvement, particularly those that pertain to attaining peace and being reflected in all spheres of life, including politics and economic security.
- reviewing and correcting the foundational elements of the political process through the amendment of constitutional provisions and the filling in of gaps in a way that promotes national unity.
- Working on strategies to oversee the general population census for all of Iraq, including Kurdistan Region, to decide on the budget and assist in addressing the issue of the disputed territories.
- Kurdistan Region has the right to a constitution that outlines the authority of its institutions and recognized core values.
- Enacting special legislation that ensures prompt execution of court rulings, such as the ability to direct directives from the administrative judiciary to that administration.
- A regulation that clarifies the legal ramifications of users’ trading while also regulating legal disputes and providing particular protection guarantees for their rights has to be in place to settle disagreements that emerge from the trading of electronic currency.
- Whether the issue is resolved by an inquiry or trial, they are accused of bribery and corruption totaling no more than ten thousand dinars.
- The most hazardous and damaging corruption is political corruption at the top of the hierarchy of political power.
- The necessity for businesses to follow internal governance guidelines since doing so enhances their competitiveness in the market and has a positive impact on their financial and developmental standing.
- The Conference suggests that the UN define the term “Righteous Government,” lay out its principles and content, assist nations in putting it into practice, foster expertise and collaboration, and create a plan for implementing anti-corruption and good governance initiatives in a realistic and workable way.
- Because of the intrinsic value that the environment represents, the adoption of environmental governance aims to protect and preserve the environment, site planning, land use, sustainable management of natural resources, and human health protection. It also lays the groundwork for the continued management of resources for human benefit, lowering immediate risks or long-term effects on human health and well-being.
- supporting the government’s legitimate needs through the advancement of science, social peace, political and economic awareness, protection of freedoms and human rights within the state, adherence to international human rights law, means of putting an end to violations of human rights, and means of victory for those who have been violated.
- Implement tactical approaches to tackle the obstacles posed by globalization. These may involve advocating for economic diversification, endorsing non-oil industries, bolstering economic infrastructure, and augmenting economic sustainability to alleviate the adverse consequences of economic globalization.
- In the post-transformation phase, political agreement is necessary, but it shouldn’t go beyond the objectives and guiding principles of good governance. Subsequently, the position must be terminated entirely, democratic processes must be substituted, and political leadership must depend on the election winner to form the government.
- Periodic reviews are necessary to make sure that legal frameworks keep up with the quick advancements in artificial intelligence technology. Additionally, research institutes shouldn’t be permitted to use AI to produce books and other research outputs.
- Since the Criminal Justice Law lacks a mechanism for recovering money, we advise the Iraqi legislator to add legislative language to allow for the extradition and re-admission of offenders as well as to develop a particular provision for receiving money.
- We urge the drafters of the constitution to devise a legislative framework for the selection of ministers, outlining the procedures for their election and the requirements for filling these posts. Additionally, we urge them to put into effect the provision of the constitution granting the prime minister complete authority to choose members of his ministry and remove those who are uninterested.
- Encouraging and providing investments in renewable energy should help ensure their success. They should also be supported by suitable regulations and a strong infrastructure.
During the conference’s concluding segment, Prof. Dr. Amjad Saber Al-Delawi, the president of Cihan University-Erbil and the president of Jadara University, conveyed their gratitude and appreciation to the conference’s keynote speakers and awarded participation certificates to the researchers and attendees. In this manner, the Fourth International Conference on Law and International Relations was concluded by Cihan University- Erbil and Jadara University- Jordan. The decisions, findings, and suggestions reached during the conference ought to be discussed with the appropriate parties involved for execution.